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Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a non-cancerous enlargement of prostate gland which usually occurs with Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) and is a very common urological condition seen in men above 40 years of age.

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The prostate is a walnut-shaped gland that is part of the male reproductive system. The main function of the prostate is to make a fluid that goes into semen.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia - also called BPH - is a condition in men in which the prostate gland is enlarged and not cancerous. Benign prostatic hyperplasia is also called benign prostatic hypertrophy or benign prostatic obstruction.

The prostate goes through two main growth periods as a man ages. The first occurs early in puberty, when the prostate doubles in size. The second phase of growth begins around age 25 and continues during most of a man's life. Benign prostatic hyperplasia often occurs with the second growth phase.

As the prostate enlarges, the gland presses against and pinches the urethra. The bladder wall becomes thicker. Eventually, the bladder may weaken and lose the ability to empty completely, leaving some urine in the bladder.

Men with the following factors are more likely to develop benign prostatic hyperplasia

  • Age 40 years and older
  • Family history of BPH
  • Medical conditions such as obesity, heart and circulatory disease, and type 2 diabetes.
  • Lack of physical exercise
  • Erectile dysfunction

Men with the following factors are more likely to develop benign prostatic hyperplasia - Age 40 years and older - Family history of BPH - Medical conditions such as obesity, heart and circulatory disease, and type 2 diabetes. - Lack of physical exercise - Erectile dysfunction

Urinary frequency: urination eight or more times a day

Urinary urgency: the inability to delay urination

Trouble starting a urine stream

Interrupted urine: a weak or an interrupted urine stream

Dribbling at the end of urination

Nocturia: frequent urination during periods of sleep

The complications of benign prostatic hyperplasia may include

  • Acute urinary retention
  • Chronic, or long lasting urinary retention
  • Blood in the urine
  • Urinary tract infections(UTIs)
  • Bladder damage
  • Kidney damage
  • Bladder stones

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